American fighting forces had been fighting their way toward the mainland and, once Okinawa was conquered, plans were underway for a direct assault on the island nation. It was thought that as many as 500,00o Americans could die in this action as the Japanese showed no signs of surrendering. Perhaps Japan would lose twice that number. Their troops had been fighting to the death in most bloody battles and our casualties were extremely high.
President Truman made the difficult decision when he was advised that the plutonium bomb, secretly developed in New Mexico, was ready and would be effective. So thousands were killed so that many more thousands would live.
Unfortunately, the first bomb didn't result in an immediate surrender by Imperial Empire of Japan so a second was required three days later over Nagasaki. As a result, Japan finally realized that all was lost and the war was finally concluded by the surrender of their government on August 14, 1945.
The atomic age was hereby born and with it the ever possible dangers it could visit on any place on earth. It did, however, end a very bloody and tragic conflict, and America was finally able to put her efforts back to work for good things.
I hope the use of such a weapon never is required again, but I also understand that it had a purpose and it served that purpose as it was supposed to do. President Truman had a tough decision, but he made it, and history was made and our boys came home. And the conquerors went to work immediately to rebuild Japan and bring her back into the peaceful block of nations with a democratic government. No other conqueror would likely have done what America did.
God bless America, our home sweet home.