The document Jefferson presented to the Congress had been reviewed and blessed by a select committee of men working with the future president. It took into account all of the grievances they had which were ignored by the Crown and their understanding of the importance that Providence played in the foundation for the document itself. The Continental Congress reviewed and discussed it all day on July 2d and the morning of the 3d before voting to approve it. That approval resulted in the Declaration being declared publicly on July 4th even though the New York delegation had no authority to vote on it for their colony. It was only on August 2, 1776 that New York officially approved it, but the struggle was already beyond any hope of peaceful resolution and many colonists wanted to remain loyal to the Crown, afraid to risk their all as those assembled in Philadelphia had done, already likely designated with a target on their back.
In all fairness, New York had plenty of concerns which caused them to delay their approval. The Port of New York had a massive British warship flotilla in the harbor and merchants were afraid of what would happen to their business if the colony wholeheartedly agreed, yet their signature did come on that August day and open hostilities rapidly engulfed all areas that were not under the control of the Crown's forces.
Those great men who ultimately signed the document from all colonies knew that everything they had and the lifestyle they and their family wanted to freely pursue was at stale. including their very lives, yet they did what they did and we now know that it ultimately succeeded. The upstart colonies and their Continental Army prevailed at Yorktown on October 19, 1781, in no small part assisted by the French blockade at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet directed by the Marquis de Lafayette. America would struggle to get her foundation for a period of time to come, yet come it did and the Greatest Experiment in Democratic Governance was well underway. Tomorrow we'll talk more about the significance of the event and in the follow-on development of the world.